June 2023

Harness Calmness: Manage Your Heart Rate During Panic Attacks

Discover how to regain control during a panic attack by reducing your heart rate using proven methods and groundbreaking apps like Mesmerize.

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Navigating Panic Attacks: A Guide to Controlling Your Heart Rate

The unfamiliar rush of fear, an unnerving sense of impending doom, and an accelerating heart rhythm – these symptoms might sound familiar if you've ever experienced a panic attack. When these feelings surge, our normal response might be to panic even more. But what if we told you there's a way to regain control and transform that daunting experience into a bearable one? It all starts by understanding the nature of attacks and then learning how to manage your heart rate effectively.

Unraveling the Dynamics of Panic Attacks and Heart Rate

When we dive deep into the anatomy of a panic attack, we find that it isn't an isolated experience. A panic attack is more like a symphony where various parts of the body play their respective roles, with the heart taking center stage.

In stressful situations, our bodies are genetically programmed to trigger the fight-or-flight response, a physiological reaction that primes us for immediate action—either to confront the threat (fight) or evade it (flight). This survival mechanism is deeply rooted in our evolutionary history.

This response involves various body systems, but the role of the adrenal glands is particularly noteworthy. During stress, these glands release hormones—adrenaline and noradrenaline—that prompt a series of physiological changes, including increased heart rate, rapid breathing, and heightened sensory awareness.

In the case of an episode, this response is activated in the absence of a genuine external threat. The body misinterprets certain signals and triggers the fight-or-flight response, causing an elevated heart rate—a phenomenon medically termed as tachycardia.

Tachycardia can further intensify feelings of panic by causing symptoms like palpitations, chest pain, and breathlessness. This can result in a vicious cycle where it stimulates the heart rate, which in turn fuels the panic. By understanding this cycle, we can learn how to interrupt it, and thereby manage attacks more effectively.

Meditation: The Tranquil Path to Slowing Your Heart Rate

In the quest to quell the tempest of a racing heart during a panic attack, meditation emerges as a beacon of hope. This ancient practice has been studied extensively and its benefits are well-documented in scientific literature. Among its many virtues, meditation's capacity to slow the heart rate and induce a state of tranquility stands out.

So, how does meditation achieve this feat?

The answer lies in the calming effect meditation has on the nervous system, particularly on a component called the autonomic nervous system (ANS). The ANS regulates automatic body functions, including heart rate, and is divided into two branches: the sympathetic nervous system, which initiates the fight-or-flight response, and the parasympathetic nervous system, which stimulates relaxation.

During panic attacks, the sympathetic nervous system is overactive. Meditation, however, promotes the activity of the parasympathetic nervous system, inducing a state known as the "relaxation response." In this state, the heart rate slows, breathing becomes deeper and slower, and the blood pressure decreases. This can help break the cycle of panic and high heart rate, restoring a sense of calm.

Furthermore, meditation teaches us to cultivate mindfulness—an awareness and acceptance of the present moment without judgment. During an attack, mindfulness can help us stay grounded, reducing the tendency to catastrophize or fear the symptoms we're experiencing. This can not only help in slowing the heart rate but also change our overall experience of panic attacks.

Meditation, therefore, is a key ally in our toolbox for managing attacks and mitigating their physical symptoms. Its power lies in its simplicity, versatility, and adaptability, making it accessible to everyone, everywhere.

Introducing Mesmerize: Your Meditation Companion For Panic Attacks

To support your meditation journey, consider using a meditation app like Mesmerize. This digital tool provides a multitude of guided mindfulness sessions that can be accessed anytime, anywhere.

Join the growing community of happy users who have found their zen with Mesmerize. Head to the App Store or Google Play to download and unlock a world of tranquility today.

More Ways to Slow Your Heart Rate During Panic Attacks

There is no one-size-fits-all when it comes to dealing with an episode, especially when considering the physiological aspects such as heart rate. It's essential to explore multiple approaches and find what works best for you. While meditation provides a powerful pathway towards calming the rush, there are other effective techniques that can help you regain control.

Each of these methods has its roots in psychological research and real-world experience. They're all focused on one goal: to help you slow down your heart rate during panic attacks and navigate the episode with increased calmness and confidence. Let's explore these strategies in depth.

1. Deep Breathing Techniques

Breath is a bridge that connects our body to our mind. When worry strikes and your heart rate surges, turning your focus to your breath can prove highly beneficial. Deep breathing exercises promote relaxation by activating the parasympathetic nervous system, thereby reducing the heart rate. Start by inhaling slowly for a count of four, hold your breath for a count of four, and then exhale slowly for a count of four. Repeat this cycle until your breathing becomes slow and steady. Not only will this provide a diversion from the sensations of panic, but it can also encourage a state of calmness.

2. Progressive Muscle Relaxation

This technique involves systematically tensing and then releasing different muscle groups in the body. The contrast between the tension and the relaxation can help you become more aware of physical sensations, and also encourage relaxation. Start by tensing your feet muscles, hold for a few seconds, and then release. Gradually move up your body, repeating the process with your calves, thighs, abdomen, chest, hands, arms, shoulders, neck, and face. The physical act of releasing tension can help your heart rate slow down and alleviate the panic.

3. Grounding Techniques

These methods can help you reconnect with your environment and the present moment during an attack. Grounding techniques aim to shift your focus away from internal feelings of distress and towards the external world. You might count the objects of a specific color you see, name things you can touch, or identify sounds you can hear. This sensory engagement can interrupt the fight-or-flight response, thereby assisting in slowing your heart rate and reducing the intensity.

4. Lifestyle Modifications

Regular physical activity, balanced nutrition, and adequate sleep play significant roles in managing attacks. Regular exercise naturally lowers your resting heart rate, making it less likely to spike dramatically during an episode. A well-nourished body is better equipped to handle stress. Avoid stimulants like caffeine and nicotine that can trigger panic attacks and increase your heart rate. Prioritize sleep, as lack of sleep can exacerbate anxiety and make attacks more likely.

5. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

This is a form of psychological treatment that has been shown to be effective for a range of problems, including panic attacks. CBT entails working with a therapist to identify thought patterns that lead to distressing feelings and behavior. By challenging and changing these cognitive distortions, you can learn to respond more effectively, which can, in turn, help manage your heart rate. Though it may not provide immediate relief, but over time, CBT can reduce the frequency and intensity of these episodes.


Panic attacks can be terrifying, but remember, you have the power to regain control. By understanding the nature of these attacks and exploring techniques to slow your heart rate, you can transform your experience. Whether it's through mindfulness, using a supportive tool like Mesmerize, or other calming practices, each step you take is a stride towards a calmer, more controlled you. So, take a deep breath, and remember, you're not alone in this journey.

Relax with
visual meditation

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Rated 4.8/5 stars with 30,000+ reviews

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Better than Headspace!

I canceled my subscription with Headspace and I now pay for Mesmerize instead. I was hooked after the free trial! I love how customizable the sounds, meditations, and visuals are! Using this app has honestly become my favorite part of my day! ☺️ It helps me relax, meditate, visualize, sleep, and it does wonders for my anxiety/phobia/ocd tendencies. Thank you Mesmerize for giving us this amazing mental health tool! I told my therapist about this app and have been telling all my friends too. It’s just so helpful!

- swayedstars

The Art of Zen

This is the second or third app in the mindfulness and meditation realm, and it’s the most scientific approach I have found. I have found these combinations of open monitoring, and focused attention meditation techniques are the most viable for those suffering from more severe forms of sleep, pain, and anxiety dysfunction one may be suffering from. Many of these approaches are used by professionals in a cognitive behavioral therapy setting. A truly complete approach in mindfulness and meditation.

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